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Cyber governance, concept and necessity

Payantitr News Agency
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Tags: CyberGovernancecyberspaceInternet
TEHRAN, Jan. 02 (Payantitr News Agency) – Cyberspace is a place for recreation, entertainment, marketing and interaction. Cyberspace becomes the main concern of people everywhere in any position from personal usage to political decisions.
In fact, the world is changing and distances are shortened and the  cyberspace as an attractive place with extraordinary facilities and its  rapid changes leads to passive affirmative and negative decisions.
 
Unfortunately, the conformity of cyberspace and its exciting services  with present and future national interest and foreign marketing, which  is now possible with less effort and more profit, is done without any  holistic approach.       
 
The general orientation at the back stage of the fanciful cyberspace,  reminds us the story of “The Wizard of Oz” where, a deceitful emerald  city which was in fact a usual place, but where green tinted spectacles  were worn in order to see a perfect beautiful place.
 
The blight of cyberspace, with its global coverage, is spreading the  illusion of perfectness and being overtop worldwide. The cyberspace with  all of its good characteristics, which leads to accelerating the life  quality of people, is like a dirty dishware, which turns any medicine  into a poison. The necessity of finding the appropriate governance with  the expediency of a country is wise and rational, as in Europe, many  countries yearn for the Internet of Trust for innovative governance.
 
In fact, the governance means the action or manner of governing a  state or an organization and the government is the system or group of  people governing an organized community, often a state. The term  governance implies a collection of processes which leads to certain  politics and processes with power, authority, and influence. The  governance is for control and guidance and is connected with rule  creation and recreation, social norms and structured measures.
 
On the other side, the governance demands to be adjusted in the way  of a certain goal. For example, the corporate governance balances the  interests of a company's many stakeholders and the board of directors in  order to reach the ultimate profit and sustainable value for  shareholders.
 
In general, the governance an be process-based, which focuses on  effectiveness of the process, holistic-based, which focuses on system  and phenomenon, predictable that means a true perception of governance  reaction in different situations, responsiveness in the way clarifies  the reason for decision and responsibility in measures, problem-based  which means being concrete in definite time and place and finally  orientation-based which means guiding and controlling for raising and  sublimity.
 
In cyber governance, the governance is for the concept of cyberspace,  which is different from cyber governance, although it turns into this  concept in the near future. The meaning of cyber is very simple,  however, it has several undetected aspects. In recent years, the virtual  and real aspects of cyberspace being discussed worldwide. However, by  the cyberspace, we means a novel world, which shapes a different kind of  life people never lived before. This novel world is against the world  people lived since descent of Adam (AS).
 
The agriculture revolution, the industrial revolution, and some  technological transitions changed the world through centuries. For  example physical rules led to inventing cars, electric powerhouse, oil  extraction, invention of huge ships and airplanes. However now in the  emerging cyber world, one can create products according to imagination  rules. This is the deep transition of this emerging world, which is  beyond cyberspace or virtual world. The emerging cyberspace is devouring  today world and is forming a new world based on technology,  acceleration and convergence. In that world, all personal and social  behaviors is much bigger that the world we live in, since all the  concepts and phenomena have different aspects.
 
In cyberspace, which we are on the way to reach, each natural  phenomena is associated with cyber quality. Cyber car, cyber factory,  cyber city, cyber petrochemistry and even cyber tree, which are in line  with cyberspace. These emerging phenomena have activism in the world we  used to as well as cyber quality.
 
Concepts like virtual reality with the help of cyber-physical systems  and Internet of Everything (IoE) - are working on making a physical  effect on cyber things. Cyber professor assistant for boosting  educational effectiveness, cyber assistant for negotiations in order to  shed light on different complicated aspects of negotiation, cyber  strategist assistant for military commander are some examples for cyber  fulfilment in physical aspects.
 
It seems that we have approached the imaginary world, which is vast  and propagated worldwide, a world in which the presence and absence of  mind is not effective in its being, a global tangible consistent  imagination is forming.
 
Though this cyberspace is biased. The change of identities and  cultures are traceable under the influence of the cyberspace. The  cyberspace is not limited to the technological field but it encompassed  the social human space and is a social and cogitative field. The  cognitive struggle and change of religious and national identity cannot  be denied with the emergence of cyberspace. These changes are hidden  under technological attractions, being up-to-date, digital marketing and  social media.
 
In cyberspace, one can recognized two orientations: first the  strategic dominance for the U.S. and the corporations and the second  globalization of western lifestyle. The full-scale dominance is one of  the principles of power in cyberspace. With the help of flow of  personal, social and national information data in different services and  networks, and the owners of cyber technologies and governments collect  and analyze the information through big data analytics techniques, which  leads to modern colonization.
 
In fact, mental programming and management leads to cultural,  economic and political engineering for the U.S. and the corporations who  own the infrastructures of global services. On the other side, modern  western lifestyle is globalized with its special economic and cultural  approaches. The fulfillment of this kind of lifestyle in not only in  content released by the cyberspace but also in the forms of connection  and relationship. In fact, the material and form help the creator to  make a service in cyberspace. In cyberspace, cyber soft and hard power  are mingled with lifestyle.
 
Accordingly, cyber governance is a collection of procedures that  reassures the cyber existence with fulfilment of a chain of values to  achieve the main goals. We can take these measures for programming cyber  governance in accordance with the goals of the Islamic Republic of Iran  revolution:
 
1.  The ultimate goal setting for cyber governance: the goals in  cyber governance is similar to the principles and goals of the Islamic  Republic of Iran revolution in the way that would be effective in the  future of cyber norms. The goals and principles of Islam and the Islamic  Revolution should not be normalized with the dictated cyber space in  future. In fact, when program for future 50 years is planned for Iran,  the officials should have emerging cyberspace in mind. Unfortunately it  is not regarded in Islamic-Iranian model of progress. So the first step  for planning cyber governance is tracing ideal future for cyberspace in  Iran with a view, which considered technology and the goals of Islamic  Republic of Iran revolution and solidity of inter-cyber structures.  In  this way, there is no need to coordinate cyber governance and the  Islamic Revolution perspective.
 
2.  Establishment of cyber tactful mega policies: The cyber mega  policies should be set tactfully. Leader of the Islamic Revolution  Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei define tactfulness, as an insight  according to which, one can comprehend the covered spiritual  interactions, beyond the realities exists in material world. The politic  should be determine with true understanding of the truth and nature of  the existing cyber and improve its nature into the favorite one with the  help of useful elements. The cyber tactful policy is necessary for the  critical encounter of cyber factors in technology, cognition and  governance (including their elements) and the aims of the Islamic  Revolution cyber governance. In this case, the ideal governance in a  definitive value system is fulfilled. One should keep in mind that this  encounter is layered. In this case, the evolutionary model leads the  cyber society into the sublime goals of the Islamic governance step by  step.
 
3. The roles and responsibilities: according to mega policies, it is  necessary to consider division of labor in each politic to fulfill the  main goals of cyber governance. In national division of labor and  institutional mapping of the main roles, the supervisor and supporter  for dominance of policies in compiling downstream documents and  operation are defined. Whereas, cyber has a vast tangible and intangible  dimension, it is necessary that the guiding policy and following policy  as well as the relation between the activists in each policy are  determined. Otherwise the technology development may lead to a cultural  or identity challenge. The solution for this division of labor is a  mapping road, which leads to fulfilment of policies that are the main  goals of the governance.    
 
4.  Cyber tactful attitude: The policy makers, people and managers  need some preliminaries for correct cyber manner which is called cyber  tactful attitude, the concept is more exact than cyber literacy. The  attitude is beyond the outward layers of cyber and focuses on the deep  understanding of inner cyber. The cyber tactful attitude begins from  self-knowledge, knowing enemy and cyber knowing to a collection of moral  and behavior disciplines to form the tactful attitude in cyberspace.  This kind of attitude for activists in cyberspace fulfill the politics  with the help of tactful intention and attitude.      
 
5.  Control systems and continuous surveillance: cyberspace and its  technologies provide a dynamic place for services and interactions. The  arranging of control systems for policies and strategies is necessary  for sustainable and cyber-based movements. Controlling policies both  monitors theories which leads to policies and control the achievement to  main goals for governance. The control and surveillance should be  continuous and progressive in order to prevent the wasting of resources  and investments. Also the controlling system should have power and  influence in order to prevent personal views, which are against mega  policies.
 
Cyberspace lies ahead. We are in a transitional period. This  technological turning point can bring us a good life in the emerging  cyberspace if we can understand its importance and act in line with  Islamic governance. In this way, the cyberspace can be a great place for  Islamic civilization in the modern era. Neither the cyber governance  should be reduced to a useless technological government, nor be  highlighted to an important system that is coordinated with mental and  cultural framework. Cyber is a reality, which should be recreated and  propelled with a firm and effective structures of governance to strength  national interest and propel it.
 
Ehsan Kiankhah has a PhD in cyber strategic management.



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